3. Existing Land Use

3. Existing Land Use

Current land use conditions in Conway are illustrated on Map 9-1, Existing Land Use Conditions. The map divides land use activities into seven major categories including:

  • Residential
  • Undeveloped Land
  • Commercial
  • Industrial
  • Institutional
  • Utilities
  • Private Rights-of-Way (ROW)

Additionally, parcels that have conservation or protection mechanisms in place are identified on the map (to the extent possible) as “protected land”. For the purposes of this analysis, these “protected land” parcels are considered undeveloped.

The undeveloped land category includes raw vacant land that may be zoned for various purposes, but is currently undeveloped. Land within this category may also include parcels slated for residential or non-residential development or property that is protected from development through any number of conservation mechanisms.

It should be noted that a small number of parcels were not identified within the municipal assessment database as having an existing use. Based on information provided by the Conway’s Assessor, the uses of some of these parcels have been identified. However, a use code was not identified for approximately fifteen parcels. Based on information provided by the Assessor, it is generally assumed that these parcels are undeveloped.

The commercial and industrial categories include all business establishments. These establishments represent banks, offices, gas stations, restaurants, retail stores, light manufacturing, etc.

The institutional category includes public and quasi-public land uses associated with government and quasi-government functions. These include municipal, state and federal land; parks; police and fire buildings; schools; churches; libraries; hospitals; service organizations; and cemeteries.

The utilities category includes electrical power infrastructure and property used for water and sewer infrastructure owned by Conway’s various Districts/Precincts
(water, sewer and lighting).

The private rights-of-way category includes privately owned land that provides access to other parcels.

Table 9-1. Total Acres by Land Use Type: 2001 Town of Conway
Land Use Total Acreage % of Total Acreag
Residential 10,451 24.4%
Commercial 2,180 5.1%
Industrial 1,367 3.2%
Institutional 3,810 8.9%
Utilities 330 .8%
Private 123 .3%
Undeveloped 24,524 57.3%
Total* 42,785 100.%
*Note: This estimate does not represent the total acreage of the town as it does not include roadways, water bodies and condominium developments. A 2000 land use inventory report prepared by the town reported the town total acreage as 46,850 acres.
Source: Town of Conway Planning Department, Assessment Department and RKG Associates, Inc.

As shown in Table 9-1, the total land area within the town is estimated at approximately 42,780 acres[1]. This calculation was based on parcel acreage recorded in the town’s assessment records. It should be noted that the total acreage estimate does not represent the total acreage within the town’s municipal boundary since it does not include water bodies, roadways and condominium land. The total area of the town is estimated at approximately 46,900 acres (73 square miles) as reported in a 2000 land use inventory report prepared by the Conway Planning Department.

As noted in the table, the largest amount of Conway’s land area is undeveloped which account for approximately 24,500 acres – representing 57% of the total land area. It should be noted that although the land is categorized as undeveloped, it may be currently used for agricultural purposes and/or have deeded development restrictions which limits development on specific parcels.

Residential properties represent the second largest amount of land area at approximately 10,500 acres or about 24% of the total acreage. It is important to note that a large portion of the properties within this category are single family units on large parcels. These parcels therefore contain a significant land base that has potential for further subdivision and development in the future.

Commercial and industrial properties are shown to be a small portion of the total acreage within the town, representing approximately 3,500 acres or 8% of the total area. The majority of these properties are located along major roadways (Route 16).